|Ramsès dans son Harem (Ramses in his Harem) · by Jean Lecomte du Nouÿ, 1881|
Egyptomania has been part of cultural European history since the 18th century and earlier, but particularly after the style ‘Retour d’Egypte’ caught on, thanks to a magnus opus -- the prodigious and august DESCRIPTION DE L’EGYPTE PUBLIÉE PAR ORDRES DE NAPOLÉON BONAPARTE - a comprehensive catalogue of antiquities in
Defeated by Nelson, Napoleon withdrew from
Egypt in 1799. The book, however, led to flights of invention and
imagination. There followed - all over
Europe – furniture, papier peints [scenes on wallpaper], toile de jouy fabric,
clothes and jewellery – ALL INFLUENCED BY EGYPT AND ITS PHAROAHS.
|Examples of Egyptomania|
The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1921 led to a new manifestation of this phenomenon, jewellery by Cartier and much else.
Inspiration was taken from Egyptian motifs for a scarf I designed.